Cockateil Care Sheet

Cockatiel Care Sheet 

Belonging to Australia, cockatiels are little participants of the parrot family members understood for the tuft of plumes in addition to their head, called a crest. Cockatiels increase and decrease their crests relying on their state of mind-- elevated when they are excited or interested and also pressed level versus their heads when they are stressed out. A kicked back cockatiel commonly holds their crest plumes someplace between elevated as well as level and also may delicately grind their beak when material.

Table of contents
Appearance as well as actions
Habitat dimension
Environment configuration
Environment cleansing
Recommended materials
Habitat mates
Typical wellness problems
Common cockatiel appearance and also habits
Cockatiels are understood for their usually mild and affectionate nature; however, they can additionally be lively and also interested when they want to be
The plume color of the common cockatiel is gray, yet many feather shade and pattern anomalies have been reproduced, including pearl, white-faced, white-faced pearl, lutino (yellow), pied, albino and other variations; typical gray cockatiels likewise have a spot of orange feathers on each of their cheeks
With the common grey cockatiel, the males as well as females can be differentiated. the males have deeper grey body feathers as well as brighter orange cheek feathers than their female counter parts, who are a more muted orangish gray. female cockatiel's additionally have grey preventing (horizontal stripes) on the undersides of their tails. Barring exists in both genders up until 6 months old; afterwards, only female cockatiels preserve it (this happens during their first molt). Males also have solid-colored grey feathers on the undersides of their wings, and also their ladies have plumes that are grey with white or yellow areas
Cockatiels are recognized for simulating repeated audios as well as sounds; they commonly chirp and also whistle. While they are not known for their chatting capability, they can discover to whistle back in action to being whistled at. They bond easily with their human companions and also end up being cuddly pets if they are correctly socialized
Parent-raised cockatiels need more time to adapt to human handling than those that are hand-fed
females are prolific egg-layers and may lay an infertile egg (when not housed with a male) every other day; correct diet plan (including adequate nutritional calcium as well as vitamin D) is crucial to avoid egg binding, which is when eggs get caught in the birds' bodies
Cockatiel qualities
Care Difficulty/ Beginner
Average Life Span Up to 25 years with appropriate care
Typical Adult Size 11 up to 14 inches, from head to end of tail
Diet Herbivorous
Minimum Habitat Size 24" W x 24" D x 30" H.
Cockatiel materials.
Properly sized environment.
High quality cockatiel food.
Millet spray as a reward
Cuttlebone/millet holder
Cage accessories 
Environmental paper or newspaper at the bottom of the cage
Food & water dishes.
Bird bath.
Grooming supplies.
Habitat size.
Supply the largest habitat possible for your cockatiel. The minimal size of habitat for one cockatiel is about 24" W x 24" D x 30" H, with metal bars spaced no above 1/2" apart to ensure that birds cannot run away or get stuck. Commercially readily available environments are normally made with stainless-steel bars (either with or without a safe finish). Homemade habitats or those made from wood or galvanized cord are not suggested since birds can eat on them as well as ingest possibly harmful chemicals.

Setting up your environment.
Cockatiels accommodate well to average family temperatures in between 65 ° F and also 80 ° F; beware of severe temperature changes. Habitats must be placed off the flooring in a well-lit location we suggest that you use a zoo med avian bulb for them to get their sunlight they need. Keep them away from drafts and inaccessible to other family pets, including interested cats and pets. Make certain no environment components or playthings are made with lead, zinc, other potentially hazardous heavy metals, lead-based paints or galvanized parts, as these can trigger major medical problems if birds consume them.

Perches: Perches should go to least 5" long as well as 1/2" in diameter; give a variety of perch sizes so your cockatiel can exercise their feet and aid avoid stress sores from creating on their soles. Sandpaper covers on perches are unpleasant to the bottom of feet as well as are not suggested. Supplying perches made from various materials, such as timber, braided rope as well as natural branches, enables birds to choose which surface they depend on and feel comfortable with.
To avoid contaminating food meals with droppings, do not position food or water containers straight under perches.
Toys: Cockatiels are very smart, so they require to be able to forage for food as well as other objects, in addition to play with toys for enrichment. Use safe bird toys for chewing. Offer cockatiels important mental stimulation. Size-appropriate toys may be made from cardboard, paper, soft timber or plastic as well hard for cockatiels to bite off as well as ingest. Without proper stimulation, birds get bored and might pick at their feathers or establish various other destructive habits, so revolve toys on a regular basis. Make certain toys are highly connected to the environment due to the fact that birds can loosen the C-clamps that are normally utilized to hang toys as well as become injured. Toys additionally must not have tiny parts that birds can conveniently manage and also ingest.
Lining and also litter: A metal grate over the habitat base will certainly enable droppings to fall away from birds' feet and also keep the habitat cleaner; the tray in the habitat bottom ought to be lined with environment paper or various other paper-based products to ease cleanup and also reduce dirt.
Lights: Birds need direct exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light to make vitamin D in their skin so they can absorb dietary calcium. UV light is removed by glass in home windows, so placing the environment alongside a home window is not sufficient; UV lights developed especially for birds ought to beam on the environment 10-- 12 hours a day as well as be transformed every six months when their strength wanes. We recommend the Zoo Med Avian Sun 5.0 UVB Compact Fluorescent Lamp

Bathing: Water recipes ought to be large sufficient for birds to bathe in. Birds that don't wash regularly can be misted a few times a week with cozy water from a plant mister to help maintain healthy and balanced tuft.

Appropriately Sized Environment.

Bedding & Litter.



Cleansing your cockatiel's environment.
Ensure to clean the habitat daily, removing discarded food and droppings on perches. Completely clean and completely dry food bowls daily. Change substrate or habitat liner regular or regularly as needed, especially if the habitat houses greater than one bird.

Routinely clean and also disinfect your cockatiel's habitat as well as perches by:

Moving your cockatiel right into a secure location (such as one more environment or traveling carrier) in a different air room.
Cleaning the habitat, sets down as well as dabble a bird habitat cleaner or 3% bleach remedy, making sure to extensively rinse all trace amounts so there is no deposit to which your bird could be revealed.
KEEP IN MIND: Do not use any kind of cleaning up agents not particularly made for birds around your family bird because birds' respiratory tracts, don't use anything aerosolized, as well as fumes from cleaning items can be damaging.
Extensively drying the environment and its contents.
Replacing the newspaper or liner, perches and playthings.
Returning your bird to their environment.
Replace perches, meals as well as play toys when worn or damaged; revolve brand-new toys right into the habitat regularly to assist avoid boredom.

What to feed your cockatiel.
To feed your cockatiel a well-balanced diet regimen:.

Nutritionally total and well balanced pelleted food especially formulated for cockatiels ought to comprise 60-- 70% of your bird's diet regimen, plus fresh veggies, fruits and also percentages of prepared seeds as a periodic treat.
Tidy, fresh water should be transformed daily.
Egg-laying female cockatiels ought to always have accessibility to cuttlebones, which are exceptional resources of calcium, a nutrient crucial for making eggshells and also laying eggs.
Do not feed birds avocados, fruit seeds, delicious chocolate, high levels of caffeine or alcohol, as these are harmful and can create disease as well as death in birds, as well as prevent sweet, fatty as well as salted treats.
Things to keep in mind when feeding your cockatiel:.

Fresh food as well as water must constantly be offered.
Veggies as well as fruits not eaten within a couple of hours should be disposed of.
Rewards ought to not go beyond 10% of complete food.
Provide different food dishes for completely dry food, fresh food and also water; if housing greater than one cockatiel in a single environment, give several feeding stations to lower competitors.
Although cockatiels are social and also like to eat when their flock friends consume, never ever share food from your plate or your mouth; individuals have microbes in their mouths that can trigger disease in birds.
Considering that cockatiels get rid of the hulls of seeds prior to eating them, they do not need to be fed grit to grind up food.

Waterers & Feeders.


Deals with.


Cockatiel treatment.
Bird family pet moms and dads ought to avoid making use of nonstick cookware as well as other home appliances with nonstick coatings; when warmed, these can launch anemic, odorless fumes that usually kill birds when inhaled.
Birds should be enabled out of their environments and gently dealt with day-to-day to mingle them.
Birds require normal pet grooming, consisting of nail cutting every couple of weeks to months; nails must be trimmed by an educated individual to prevent injury to the bird.
Beaks must not need routine cutting in many birds, unless the bird has a hidden condition (such as liver condition) that causes uncommon beak growth; birds' beaks typically keep in good condition with everyday usage.
When done correctly, clipping the 5 outer flight feathers can assist protect against injury or escape; consult a bird veterinarian on what is the best situation for your bird.
Where to purchase a cockatiel.
Cockatiels are offered at pick Exotic Underworld or Aqua Brill Pet Store shops. Call which ever location is closest in advance to make certain accessibility.

Environment mates.
Cockatiels can be maintained alone to bond with their pet parent or in sets or bigger teams to bond with each other. Various kinds of birds need to not be housed together.

Cockatiel health.
Indicators of a healthy cockatiel.
Energetic, alert and friendly.
Eats, beverages and passes feces throughout the day.
Dry nares and also intense, dry eyes.
Supple skin on feet and also legs as well as smooth beak.
Clean, dry vent.
Smooth, clean plumes.
Warning (call your veterinarian if you see these signs).

Fluffed, plucked, or soiled feathers.
Remaining on the habitat floor for an extensive amount of time.
Wheezing, sneezing or coughing.
Open-mouthed or struggled breathing and/or tail bobbing.
Regurgitation or vomiting.
Runny, bloody or tarnished feces or no feces production.
Stressing to pass droppings.
Preferring one foot when not sleeping.
Ocular or nasal discharge.
Red or puffy eyes.
Persistently shut eyes or resting during the day.
Crusty skin around face and feet.
Anorexia nervosa.
Common cockatiel wellness problems.
Health Issue Symptoms or Causes Suggested Action.
Chlamydiosis (psittacosis or parrot high temperature) Appetite loss, fluffed plumes, nasal discharge, sleepiness, inflamed abdominal areas, sneezing, struggled breathing, lime eco-friendly feces, conjunctivitis Seek instant avian veterinary focus.
Conjunctivitis Red eyes, tearing, shut, puffy eyes; might be because of microbial, viral or other infectious organisms Consult your veterinarian as well as wipe your bird's eyes with warm water.
Diarrhea Fecal portion of feces not developed; has several causes, from change in diet regimen to inner parasites Consult your vet and make certain correct diet regimen.
Egg binding Swollen abdominal area, straining to pass droppings, bloody droppings, lethargy, reduced cravings, struggled breathing, laying soft-shelled or shell-less eggs Seek immediate vet focus.
Evening frights Episodes of terrible, uncontrolled wing flapping and screeching at night Turn on the light as well as talk gently to bird to help relax them; call your vet if your bird's episode does not quit or if episodes are regular.
How much time does a cockatiel live? A cockatiel can measure up to 25 years with proper treatment and nutrition.
What do cockatiels eat? Cockatiels largely eat a nutritionally complete as well as balanced pelleted diet plan made for cockatiels, plus smaller quantities of vegetables and also fruits, with seeds as a periodic reward.
What veggies can cockatiels consume? Cockatiels can eat most veggies other than avocados, onions and also garlic.
What fruits canister cockatiels eat? Cockatiels can eat most fruits, except fruit seeds and pits.
Exactly how do I tame a cockatiel? By talking gently to as well as delicately managing your cockatiel daily, as well as compensating them with their preferred food as well as deals with for stepping on to your hand, you can socialize your cockatiel as well as develop a bond over time.
Just how do I clip a cockatiel's wings? Wings must be cut only by an experienced specialist or person taught exactly how to appropriately trim feathers; otherwise, your bird might come to be seriously injured. To clip a cockatiel's wings correctly, the outermost 5 primary plumes need to be cut to a degree simply below the hidden plumes on the inside of the wings. The goal is to cut brief enough so that the bird does not get lift but not so brief that it goes down like a weight. Newly emerged feathers (called blood plumes because they have blood in the shaft, which at some point recedes as the feather matures) ought to not be trimmed, or the bird will certainly hemorrhage.
Just how do I wash a cockatiel? Water dishes should be large sufficient for birds to bathe in. Birds who don't wash regularly can be misted a few times a week with cozy water from a plant mister to aid keep healthy tuft.
Exactly how can I tell a cockatiel's gender? With the common grey cockatiel, males and also women can be identified. Males have much deeper grey body feathers as well as brighter orange cheek feathers than women, that are much more soft orangish grey. Women also have gray barring (straight red stripes) on the bottom of their tails. Preventing exists in both genders up until six months of age; after that, just females preserve it. Men also have solid-colored grey plumes on the bottom of wings, versus the gray with white or yellow areas in women.
For how long does it consider cockatiel eggs to hatch? If an egg is fertile, it takes approximately 20 days for a cockatiel to nurture (sit on) it prior to it hatches out.

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